The Arapaho


The Arapaho, who call themselves 'Inuna-ina', are close allies with the Cheyenne. This name is roughly translated into 'our people'. The Araphoe are considered to be buffalo hunters of the plains but also have traditions of a time when they lived in the east and planted corn. The Arapaho live in two divisions. The larger body lives with the Cheyenne in Oklahoma, while the northern division resides with the Shoshoni on a reservation in Wyoming. The Grosventres of Montana, formerly associated with the Blackfeet and numbering now about 700, are a detached band of Arapaho.

The Arapho tribe shares many of the same characteristics as the Kiowa in that they fought and hunted on horseback, lived in skin tipis, practiced little or no agriculture, used the same weapons, and have similar military organizations and tribal ceremonies. They wore the prairie moccasin, breech-cloth, and buckskin dress. The men wore the scalp-lock, usually having the rest of the hair braided and hanging down in front on each side of the head. They are considered to be quite tall with a build that is sinewy and they have thin, clear-cut features.

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